This web viewer provides country-level maps presenting some of the results of the European Seismic Risk Model (ESRM20), developed within the scope of the European Horizon 2020 project SERA. More information including documentation of this model is provided here.

The following risk metrics are provided as separate layers: average annual economic loss, average annual economic loss ratio, 1000-years return period economic loss, 500-years return period economic loss, 200-years return period economic loss, 100-years return period economic loss, 50-years return period economic loss, and average annual loss of life. The NCEI/WDS Global Significant Earthquake Database (, accessed 16/09/2020) can also be added as an additional layer to the map.

The OpenQuake-engine, an open-source seismic hazard and risk calculation software supported by the GEM Foundation, was used to calculate the risk metrics.

You can direcly download all the results shown in this viewer here. The input files to run the European Seismic Risk Model are available from a dedicated GitLab repository.

H. Crowley, J. Dabbeek, V. Despotaki, D. Rodrigues, L. Martins, V. Silva, X. Romão, N. Pereira, G. Weatherill, L. Danciu (2021) European Seismic Risk Model Viewer - Country Level Data (v1.0), DOI: 10.7414/EUC-ESRM20-COUNTRY-VIEWER

This work is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0):

economic loss: losses due to direct damage caused by earthquake ground shaking in the residential, commercial and industrial building stock, considering structural and non-structural components and building contents

average annual economic loss: the long-term mean economic loss value per year due to earthquake ground shaking

average annual economic loss ratio: the average annual loss normalized by the total replacement cost of buildings within the country

X-years return period economic loss: the long-term mean economic loss value due to earthquake ground shaking that is expected to be equalled or exceeded at least once every X years

average annual loss of life: the long-term mean number of fatalities due to earthquake ground shaking per year

AAL: average annual loss (can be economic loss or loss of life)